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authorThomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@free-electrons.com>2013-12-28 17:39:10 (GMT)
committer Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@free-electrons.com>2013-12-29 11:12:38 (GMT)
commit7d656636bd4d9df6c4356bdb6c60c8e604be10d0 (patch)
tree4e39a853791b111f6214e3da694129530d49fea1
parentd36da1b1b60aa58fb6d0413c02446ec7d1f913ad (diff)
downloadbuildroot-7d656636bd4d9df6c4356bdb6c60c8e604be10d0.tar.gz
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graph-build-time: generate graphs based on timing data
This script generates graphs of packages build time, from the timing data generated by Buildroot in the $(O)/build-time.log file. Example usage: ./support/scripts/graph-build-time \ --type=histogram --input=$(O)/build-time.log --output=foobar.pdf Three graph types are available : * histogram, which creates an histogram of the build time for each package, decomposed by each step (extract, patch, configure, etc.). The order in which the packages are shown is configurable: by package name, by build order, or by duration order. See the --order option. * pie-packages, which creates a pie chart of the build time of each package (without decomposition in steps). Packages that contributed to less than 1% of the overall build time are all grouped together in an "Other" entry. * pie-steps, which creates a pie chart of the time spent globally on each step (extract, patch, configure, etc...) The default is to generate an histogram ordered by package name. Signed-off-by: Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@free-electrons.com> [yann.morin.1998@free.fr: adapt to the format of the step-hooks build-time.log, add sort order by name, default to name-ordered histogram, use our colours for pie-charts, add alternate color-scheme, add short-options, add --input/-i] Signed-off-by: "Yann E. MORIN" <yann.morin.1998@free.fr> Signed-off-by: Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@free-electrons.com>
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+#!/usr/bin/env python
+
+# Copyright (C) 2011 by Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@free-electrons.com>
+# Copyright (C) 2013 by Yann E. MORIN <yann.morin.1998@free.fr>
+#
+# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+# the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+# (at your option) any later version.
+#
+# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+# General Public License for more details.
+#
+# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+# along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+# Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+
+# This script generates graphs of packages build time, from the timing
+# data generated by Buildroot in the $(O)/build-time.log file.
+#
+# Example usage:
+#
+# cat $(O)/build-time.log | ./support/scripts/graph-build-time --type=histogram --output=foobar.pdf
+#
+# Three graph types are available :
+#
+# * histogram, which creates an histogram of the build time for each
+# package, decomposed by each step (extract, patch, configure,
+# etc.). The order in which the packages are shown is
+# configurable: by package name, by build order, or by duration
+# order. See the --order option.
+#
+# * pie-packages, which creates a pie chart of the build time of
+# each package (without decomposition in steps). Packages that
+# contributed to less than 1% of the overall build time are all
+# grouped together in an "Other" entry.
+#
+# * pie-steps, which creates a pie chart of the time spent globally
+# on each step (extract, patch, configure, etc...)
+#
+# The default is to generate an histogram ordered by package name.
+#
+# Requirements:
+#
+# * matplotlib (python-matplotlib on Debian/Ubuntu systems)
+# * numpy (python-numpy on Debian/Ubuntu systems)
+# * argparse (by default in Python 2.7, requires python-argparse if
+# Python 2.6 is used)
+
+import matplotlib
+import numpy
+matplotlib.use('PDF')
+
+import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
+import matplotlib.font_manager as fm
+import csv
+import argparse
+import sys
+
+steps = [ 'extract', 'patch', 'configure', 'build',
+ 'install-target', 'install-staging', 'install-images',
+ 'install-host']
+
+default_colors = ['#e60004', '#009836', '#2e1d86', '#ffed00',
+ '#0068b5', '#f28e00', '#940084', '#97c000']
+
+alternate_colors = ['#00e0e0', '#3f7f7f', '#ff0000', '#00c000',
+ '#0080ff', '#c000ff', '#00eeee', '#e0e000']
+
+class Package:
+ def __init__(self, name):
+ self.name = name
+ self.steps_duration = {}
+ self.steps_start = {}
+ self.steps_end = {}
+
+ def add_step(self, step, state, time):
+ if state == "start":
+ self.steps_start[step] = time
+ else:
+ self.steps_end[step] = time
+ if self.steps_start.has_key(step) and self.steps_end.has_key(step):
+ self.steps_duration[step] = self.steps_end[step] - self.steps_start[step]
+
+ def get_duration(self, step=None):
+ if step == None:
+ duration = 0
+ for step in self.steps_duration.keys():
+ duration += self.steps_duration[step]
+ return duration
+ if self.steps_duration.has_key(step):
+ return self.steps_duration[step]
+ return 0
+
+# Generate an histogram of the time spent in each step of each
+# package.
+def pkg_histogram(data, output, order="build"):
+ n_pkgs = len(data)
+ ind = numpy.arange(n_pkgs)
+
+ if order == "duration":
+ data = sorted(data, key=lambda p: p.get_duration(), reverse=True)
+ elif order == "name":
+ data = sorted(data, key=lambda p: p.name, reverse=False)
+
+ # Prepare the vals array, containing one entry for each step
+ vals = []
+ for step in steps:
+ val = []
+ for p in data:
+ val.append(p.get_duration(step))
+ vals.append(val)
+
+ bottom = [0] * n_pkgs
+ legenditems = []
+
+ plt.figure()
+
+ # Draw the bars, step by step
+ for i in range(0, len(vals)):
+ b = plt.bar(ind+0.1, vals[i], width=0.8, color=colors[i], bottom=bottom, linewidth=0.25)
+ legenditems.append(b[0])
+ bottom = [ bottom[j] + vals[i][j] for j in range(0, len(vals[i])) ]
+
+ # Draw the package names
+ plt.xticks(ind + .6, [ p.name for p in data ], rotation=-60, rotation_mode="anchor", fontsize=8, ha='left')
+
+ # Adjust size of graph (double the width)
+ sz = plt.gcf().get_size_inches()
+ plt.gcf().set_size_inches(sz[0] * 2, sz[1])
+
+ # Add more space for the package names at the bottom
+ plt.gcf().subplots_adjust(bottom=0.2)
+
+ # Remove ticks in the graph for each package
+ axes = plt.gcf().gca()
+ for line in axes.get_xticklines():
+ line.set_markersize(0)
+
+ axes.set_ylabel('Time (seconds)')
+
+ # Reduce size of legend text
+ leg_prop = fm.FontProperties(size=6)
+
+ # Draw legend
+ plt.legend(legenditems, steps, prop=leg_prop)
+
+ if order == "name":
+ plt.title('Build time of packages\n')
+ elif order == "build":
+ plt.title('Build time of packages, by build order\n')
+ elif order == "duration":
+ plt.title('Build time of packages, by duration order\n')
+
+ # Save graph
+ plt.savefig(output)
+
+# Generate a pie chart with the time spent building each package.
+def pkg_pie_time_per_package(data, output):
+ # Compute total build duration
+ total = 0
+ for p in data:
+ total += p.get_duration()
+
+ # Build the list of labels and values, and filter the packages
+ # that account for less than 1% of the build time.
+ labels = []
+ values = []
+ other_value = 0
+ for p in data:
+ if p.get_duration() < (total * 0.01):
+ other_value += p.get_duration()
+ else:
+ labels.append(p.name)
+ values.append(p.get_duration())
+
+ labels.append('Other')
+ values.append(other_value)
+
+ plt.figure()
+
+ # Draw pie graph
+ patches, texts, autotexts = plt.pie(values, labels=labels,
+ autopct='%1.1f%%', shadow=True,
+ colors=colors)
+
+ # Reduce text size
+ proptease = fm.FontProperties()
+ proptease.set_size('xx-small')
+ plt.setp(autotexts, fontproperties=proptease)
+ plt.setp(texts, fontproperties=proptease)
+
+ plt.title('Build time per package')
+ plt.savefig(output)
+
+# Generate a pie chart with a portion for the overall time spent in
+# each step for all packages.
+def pkg_pie_time_per_step(data, output):
+ steps_values = []
+ for step in steps:
+ val = 0
+ for p in data:
+ val += p.get_duration(step)
+ steps_values.append(val)
+
+ plt.figure()
+
+ # Draw pie graph
+ patches, texts, autotexts = plt.pie(steps_values, labels=steps,
+ autopct='%1.1f%%', shadow=True,
+ colors=colors)
+
+ # Reduce text size
+ proptease = fm.FontProperties()
+ proptease.set_size('xx-small')
+ plt.setp(autotexts, fontproperties=proptease)
+ plt.setp(texts, fontproperties=proptease)
+
+ plt.title('Build time per step')
+ plt.savefig(output)
+
+# Parses the csv file passed on standard input and returns a list of
+# Package objects, filed with the duration of each step and the total
+# duration of the package.
+def read_data(input_file):
+ if input_file is None:
+ input_file = sys.stdin
+ else:
+ input_file = open(input_file)
+ reader = csv.reader(input_file, delimiter=':')
+ pkgs = []
+
+ # Auxilliary function to find a package by name in the list.
+ def getpkg(name):
+ for p in pkgs:
+ if p.name == name:
+ return p
+ return None
+
+ for row in reader:
+ time = int(row[0].strip())
+ state = row[1].strip()
+ step = row[2].strip()
+ pkg = row[3].strip()
+
+ p = getpkg(pkg)
+ if p is None:
+ p = Package(pkg)
+ pkgs.append(p)
+
+ p.add_step(step, state, time)
+
+ return pkgs
+
+parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='Draw build time graphs')
+parser.add_argument("--type", '-t', metavar="GRAPH_TYPE",
+ help="Type of graph (histogram, pie-packages, pie-steps)")
+parser.add_argument("--order", '-O', metavar="GRAPH_ORDER",
+ help="Ordering of packages: build or duration (for histogram only)")
+parser.add_argument("--alternate-colors", '-c', action="store_true",
+ help="Use alternate colour-scheme")
+parser.add_argument("--input", '-i', metavar="OUTPUT",
+ help="Input file (usually $(O)/build/build-time.log)")
+parser.add_argument("--output", '-o', metavar="OUTPUT", required=True,
+ help="Output file (PDF extension)")
+args = parser.parse_args()
+
+d = read_data(args.input)
+
+if args.alternate_colors:
+ colors = alternate_colors
+else:
+ colors = default_colors
+
+if args.type == "histogram" or args.type == None:
+ if args.order == "build" or args.order == "duration" or args.order == "name":
+ pkg_histogram(d, args.output, args.order)
+ elif args.order == None:
+ pkg_histogram(d, args.output, "name")
+ else:
+ sys.stderr.write("Unknown ordering: %s\n" % args.order)
+ exit(1)
+elif args.type == "pie-packages":
+ pkg_pie_time_per_package(d, args.output)
+elif args.type == "pie-steps":
+ pkg_pie_time_per_step(d, args.output)
+else:
+ sys.stderr.write("Unknown type: %s\n" % args.type)
+ exit(1)